What is a foundation? What are the characteristics of a foundation? Why is something only as stable as the foundation on which it is built? What happens when foundations fail?
Structure and Function of the Human Body
In this module, students will be introduced to a story where a character, Angelina, falls off the monkey bars and breaks her arm. Students follow Angelina’s case as they progress through the module, learning about both the diagnosis and treatment of her injury. As students follow Angelina’s story, they explore the basic relationship between structure and function in the human body. They will look at major structures, or organs, within the body and investigate how the structure of each organ is related to its function. Once students establish an understanding of basic structure and function in the body, they will then take a deeper look at the functions of bone. They will assemble a skeleton and create a model X-ray of a hand. They will then act as scientists to perform an inquiry investigation to understand why each of our fingers are made up of more than one bone. Finally, students will work through an engineering design process to design and build a cast for Angelina. This unit focuses on the following essential questions: Why do different parts of our bodies have different structures and functions? How do scientists find answers to questions about the world around them? How do medical professionals diagnose and treat patients who have broken bones?
Learning Targets for Human Body Unit
Students will understand that ... Scientists ask and identify questions to gain knowledge or solve problems. Scientists develop and use models to represent amounts, relationships, relative scales, and/or patterns in the natural and designed world(s). Scientists plan and conduct investigations collaboratively to produce data to serve as the basis for evidence to answer a question. Scientists make predictions based on prior experiences. Scientists make observations and/or collect data to construct evidence-based conclusions for natural phenomena. Scientists keep and organize all of their work in a scientific notebook. Scientists work collaboratively and communicate their findings with others. The design process is a step by step method used to guide people in developing solutions to problems. The structure of a body part is unique to its function. The human body is composed of smaller parts that work together to maintain health. Medical professionals work to promote, maintain, and restore health.
Students will be able to Identify how a structure of a body part is related to its function in the human body. Ask questions, make observations, and investigate ideas in order to acquire knowledge and solve problems. Apply a step by step design process to solve a problem. Identify key body parts in the human body. Identify the functions that bones play in the human body. Recognize that X-rays are used to examine the bones in the human body. Recognize that medical professionals work to diagnose and treat disease or injury. Identify characteristics used to describe scientists. Describe how the structure of a body part is related to its function in the human body. Use models to infer how the structure of the lungs, the heart, muscles, and bones relate to their function in the body. Perform a guided investigation in order to draw conclusions. Maintain a notebook to document work. Share findings and conclusions with others. Follow a step by step method to solve a problem.
Through Different Lenses: Fairy Tales as the Foundation of Cultures
The fairy tale unit is divided into three segments. The first segment is an overview of fairy tales and the characteristics they all have in common. We will examine several versions of each of the fairy tales we explore. The second segment is about famous fairy tale authors. Students will learn about Charles Perrault, the Grimm Brothers, Hans Christian Andersen and the stories they wrote down or created. The third segment is all about Cinderella stories. We will read fairy tales with the Cinderella theme from many countries around the world. Students will learn about the story as well as about the country from which the story originated.
Learning Targets for Fairy Tale Unit
The students will understand that… Fairy tales are the foundation of cultural heritage. Constructing fairy tales requires critical and creative thinking. Very old fairy tales are often rewritten / recycled as modern fairy tales. Fairy tales reflect aspects of the society that they were created to entertain.
The students will be able to... Identify the characteristics of fairy tales within a story. Explain how the elements in various tales reflect the continent and country of origin. Identify the theme in each story and find evidence of it in the story. Compare and contrast fairy tales from different cultures. Use creative thinking skills to write and dramatize original fairy tales. Design puppets, costumes, and sets needed to perform your fairy tale.
Why is this worth remembering for a lifetime? Fairy tales are works of fiction that prepare children to understand universal truths that form the foundation of all cultures. Powerful themes in fairy tales will be true in real life forever. When children get older, they will understand allusions to fairy tales in more complex literature.